The Carnutes were a powerful tribe that sat in the heart of Gaul (France) and occupied an extensive territory between the Sequana (Seine) and Liger (Lorie) Rivers. The map shows the estimated boundary of the territory of the carnutes.
The name of Carnutes would be framed by a Celtic *karno : irish *carn, Gael. *cairn, a pile of rocks, rough slope. This structure can be found in the toponymy around Chartres. The connection between the name Carnutes with the name of the god Cernunnos through a root which would signify “horns” is by all accounts surrendered today as its interpretation by “horned Helmets”. Later speculation makes it originate from an Indo-European root *ker/kor, which would likewise be contained into the Celtic name of dogwood and which would interface the Carnutes to Cornwall and Cornouaille through a totem-tree. In the end, we are still unclear about what the name means. For me, this is what the name means its not a translation.” Those of the Horns”
History of the Carnutes
Livy cites Carnutes among the Gaulish Tribes lead by Bellovesos, who marched towards Italy at the time of Lucius Tarquinius Priscus (sixth century BC). are the Carnutes related to the Carni as living in the northeast of Veneto, and which have given their name to a territory (the Carniola) and to the close-by mountains (the Carnic Alps)?
The talons of Rome
In 57-56 BC, Caesar sent his troops to take their winter quarters in Carnutes territory. the Carnutes (or the aristocracy) who traded with the Romans think that they will take advantage of the situation.
The Carnutes had an oligarchic republic replacing a former monarchy. Ceaser elected Tasgetios as King of the territory. he was a high born whos family held high levels of power. He was very unpopular amongst the tribe and in the Autumn of 54 Bc, he was murdered. Which was supported by the Carnutes. They do not replace him as they needed no king. Ceaser then has Plancusl one of his ranking soldiers, leave Belgium with his soldiers and arrest the assassins of Tasgetius.
around the same time, A neighboring tribe of the Carnutes – The Senons who was lead by Acco – a nobleman; he leads his people to rid themselves of their puppet king Cavarinos. But Cavarinos managed to escape and find safety with Ceaser. Ceaser then Kills Acco.
As Acco was a respected person, word got out about his death which Caused the Gauls to gather. The Chiefs gathered in an unknown spot in the forest. Could this be the same spot the druids gathered? Is it related to the Anual Druid gathering? The Carnutes who were under the influence of the druids took an Oath that they will not be stoped in the struggle for Salvation and they will be the first to take up arms against the Romans.
The Carnutes lead the way with our war leaders Cotuatus (Gutruatus) and Conconnetodumnus.
Not much is known about our heroes we know more about Cotuatus(Gutruatus) than we do Conetodunus. A name for a Gaulish Religious Offical was a Gutuater. Their function was to organize religious ceremonies. The Term may be interpreted as “master of Voice”.Perhaps associated with the Druids? Ceasers Lieutenant Hirtius wrote about a Gaul from the Carnutes tribe called Gutuatrus he was a freedom fighter during the war. It is suggested that he was a priest as he may have been a warrior priest? Or even a druid? Most historians say that Cotuatus is the same person as Gutruatus as the later is a title.
These two men along with some of the Carnutes people storm into Cenabum and slaughter the Romans Ocuppying their town. One of Ceasers trusted men were among the Slaughtered C. Fufius Cita. This rise rang through the clouds among Gaul as if Tarnis was bringing the storm. This inspired Neighboring tribes to uprise under the leadership of Our would Be Gaulish King Vercingetorix.
Ceaser, making his way into the heart of Gaul is slaughtering the Gauls along his march. Meanwhile, the Carnutes send for more troops to defend Cenabum. Ceaser arrives before they get a chance to get more troops. Ceaser Burns the town, then kills and makes the people slaves. The Carnutes would have sent around 12,000 men to defend Alesia were Vercingetorix was making the final Gaulish Stand. Unfortunately, he lost and Knelt to Ceaser to save his People. As this meant a total defeat.
The Carnutes, having problems with other tribes along with the Romans, are defeated in Cenabum. In the winter weak from bitter cold and fear of the great Roman Army they are helpless and give into Roman demands.
Ceaser makes his way to Cenabum to find the one who was the Catalyst of the war. Our Hero Cotuatus (Gutruatus) But Ceaser seems hesitant to kill him, although, we do not know as of why. he eventually does anyway. he was the cause of the war and for that, He is beaten and Decapitated. Now under roman control like the rest of Gaul, are slowly stripped of who they once were.
Let us remember those that have fallen and the heroes who gave their lives to live as freemen but in the end, the Talons of the Empre would rip apart the souls of the people. One could say cotuatus (Gutruatus) is the fire that started the war.
Gods of The Carnutes
The Carnutes are known for the Gaulish Religion as it is home to the Famous (Forest of the Carnutes). The sacred Site the Druids would meet. The territory is also were Ceaser killed the Popular Warrior Priest. There are a few religious sites (Local sanctuaries) that stayed intact after the Roman Conquest.
These are the gods that have been found in the Territory of the Carnutes Tribe along with some around the territory.
Click on the Image to read more about Each God/dess.
THE CARNUTIAN DRUIDS
At a fixed time of year, they assemble at a holy place in the territory of the Carnutes, which is thought to be the center of Gaul. We know not of why they met at this sacred spot. To talk of things that went on through the year and upcoming events? we do know The territory of the Carnutes must have been important. As it was a central location for all tribes to meet at.