What we call the sisters today is the keys to the motion
These High Days are based on the farming year. These were critical to the Ancestors of ancient times and my opinion is that it was also in Gaul. Now I have nothing of solid evidence that The Druids of Gaul viewed these days at the moment to back my thoughts besides doing agricultural work and living by the seasons by the motions of the stars along with a few finds.
Farming was crucial for the tribes it literally meant Life and Death. If the weather was unkind or even if the animals and crops have gotten disease it could be disastrous to the farmer and tribes peoples.
The gods meant everything to them knowing the correct offerings to give and rituals and sacrifices to perform was a very spiritual knowledge to have. As we know a lot of the Deuoi themselves are associated with agriculture and agricultural ideas.
Knowing the change of seasons is very important for the Wrong or Right days to do Agricultural work as in plowing, sowing, and reaping. These days had to be in favor and the Divininatory powers and knowledge from the Druids played a big part in that I’m assuming.
Bringing us to the Pleiades now I feel the Druids would have known of these marking points in the sky as Pomponius Mela states.
They [the Gauls] have an eloquence of their own, and their Druids as masters of wisdom. These profess to know the magnitude and form of the earth and the world, the motions of the heaven and the stars, and the will of the gods. They teach the noblest of the nation many things privately, and for a long time, even for twenty years, in a cave, or in inaccessible woods. One of their precepts has become public, namely, that they should act bravely in war, that souls are immortal, and that there is another life after death. Therefore along with the dead, they burn and bury things which belonged to them while living. Their debtor and creditor accounts were transferred below. Some even went so far as to ascend the funeral pyres of their friends of their own accord, as though about to live with them.”
This tells us they understood the motions of the sky.
I do feel that if the Gaulish Druids did not know of these days and found out about them they most certainly would have incorporated them into there Calendar.
Either way, we know now about these days and have learned much more about the motions of the cosmos.
Now, these days are the starting of the Seasons they act as a clock. We must remember that just because its the beginning of spring for me doesn’t mean the being of spring for you. This is why knowing your locations is important. For my location its when the dogwoods bloom. The days are the Gods telling us to start to be ready for the change to come. And in a farming realm, this is key to life.
As we often forget about the importance of it as we live a life separated from it.
First, let me state these have nothing to do with Ancient Aliens or any kind of far-out thoughts like that.
The Pleiades (The Seven Sisters) is a heliacal rising object this means that relating to or near the sun —used especially of the last setting of a star before and its first rising after invisibility due to conjunction with the sun. This is why the ancients from around the world used this object to help with important dates within there calendar and with the changing of the seasons.
They are within the Taurus constellation. And Above to the right of Orion. They are an Open Star Cluster containing hundreds of stars but only 6 are viewed with the human eye 7 on a good night. They are also known as Messier 45, The seven sister, Matariki, there are a lot of names. So the Pleiades are like our big sky objects the Sun and Moon and one of the reasons we can use it to tell changes is because it’s on the Ecliptic well its 4 degrees off that’s nothing. The ecliptic is the great circle on the celestial sphere representing the sun’s path during the year.
Some Accounts of The Pleiades
We have finds of evidence that is speculated to be telling’s of time with the Pleiades within Europe. We have The Nebra Sky Disk a bronze disk dating to 1600 BCE this is considered the oldest realistic representation of the cosmos found, the date of this varys as its a debated relic. This is painted a blue-green color with gold embossed symbols of a crescent moon, the sun or the full moon, stars, and a group of stars 7 that are in the shape of the Pleiades. This was found in Germany near Nebra, Saxony-Anhalt, its located in the Pergamon Museum.
Then there is a star map as folks speculate in a cave located in Lascaux France the paintings dating to 16,500 years. These drawings appear to show scientific knowledge of the stars. Well, one of the paintings is of a bull and what appears to be 7 stars in the shape of the Pleiades. This drawing is the same form of the constellation Taurus with the Pleiades right next to it this is showing us that our identification with the stars goes back a very long time. Side note could the Pleiades be Tarvos Trigaranus over the Bull? Going back to Indo European myth? Just a random though.
From Munich, Untermenzing, Bavaria we have a small hilted short sword adorn with variety of metals with the representation of the sun and moon and what I speculate as being the Pleiades. The is what is though to be a ritual item showing us there lunar symbolism.
Next is a reference from Diodorus Siculous a 5th century B.C ancient Greek historian in his The Histories, Hist Vol 2, 47 he states.
The Hyperboreans also have a language, we informed, which is peculiar to them, and are most friendly disposed towards the Greeks, and especially towards the Athenians and the Delians, who have inherited this good-will from most ancient times. The myth also relates that certain Greeks visited the Hyperboreans and left behind them there costly votive offerings bearing inscriptions in Greek letters. And in the same way Abaris, a Hyperborean, came to Greece in ancient times and renewed the good-will and kinship of his people to the Delians. They say also that the moon, as viewed from this island, appears to be but a little distance from the earth and to have upon it prominences, like those of the earth, which are visible to the eye. The account is also given that the god visits the island every nineteen years, the period in which the return of the stars to the same place in the heavens is accomplished; and for this reason the nineteen-year period is called by the Greeks the “year of Meton.” At the time of this appearance of the god he both plays on the cithara and dances continuously the night through from the vernal equinox until the rising of the Pleiades, expressing in this manner his delight in his successes. And the kings of this city and the supervisors of the sacred precinct are called Boreadae, since they are descendants of Boreas, and the succession to these positions is always kept in their family.
This is what I could find in Europe at the moment but there is a lot of things all over the world.
The constellation would have appeared in their skies in the autumn, showing that it was time to start bringing in the harvest, and disappeared in the spring, indicating the time for planting crops.
Magic behind the Coligany
These 2 High days coincide with our Coligany Calendar.
When the Pleiades are falling in the sky it lines up with (Heliacal Setting)
Pleiades Setting in the evening sky May 2
This marks the start of spring.
Time for sowing.
When the Pleiades are rising in the sky it lines up with (Acronical Rising)
Pleiades rising in the Night sky October 15
This marks the start of fall.
Time for reaping.
(These are using the spring start of the Coligany Calendar.)
This is all giving a week or 2 with the dates. What I mean by this is location if I lived on the beach I would see the Pleiades in the lower horizon compared to if I lived in a valley surrounded by trees before I could see it they would be higher in the horizon. Also a matter of what you chose as in the dates its not precise as in today’s standers of time keeping.
What I’m suggesting is that these 2 days are the reason behind the Coligany Calendar. Its not a to stretched of idea at all as we know the Gauls measured the days by night. So it would seem logical that time keeping this way is best by the calculations of the motions of the Pleiades.
Alternative Time Keeping
So an inserting thing happens in the motions of the Pleiades. Its that Venus pass through the center of them every eight years.
This year marks year one it happened on April 3, 2020.
So one can keep track of the cycles by watching Venus.
We in the Gaulish Community have a gnosis with Venus and a Sironâ connection.
Well for me this world disconnects us from the natural order of thing. We rely to much on other things to tell us about time. So with this way of thinking it connects you to something archaic and cosmic well it connects you to the Deuoi. As for being a Druits one must understand the motions of the stars and have a deep understanding to the seasons. There is magic in going out and looking at the stars and being in the realm of the Deuoi that can not be matched. This kind of study is key to understanding what it means to be a Druits.
For your location to keep time with this I would suggest finding a special place away from others that you can do ritual at and find when the Pleiades is coming or going. So you can know when Spring or Fall is here. For me I have a nice place in the mountains that I travel to a few times a year to observer the sky and see the placement of the Pleiades.
Gaulish Druid High Days
This will be the foundation of 2 Îuoi (Holidays) within Gaulish Polytheism but only for the Druits to lead the ritual.
These days are strung together with life and death
We will get into more about each day at a later time.
So stay tuned for these Îuoi (Holidays)
So in all The Pleiades are very likley the reason for our holidays
Druids: Towards an Archaeology – Andrew P. Fitzpatrick