Gaulish Druidism, Gaulish Polytheism

Do I have a problem in my life? If yes, ask your self can I do something about it, If yes then don’t worry.

Do I have a problem in my life? If yes, ask your self can I do something about it, If no then don’t worry.

Do I have a problem in my life? If no, then don’t worry.

The outcome is not ours, only our actions are ours.

Around 300 BC a Phonecian merchant Zeno of Citium founded this philosophy in Athens. Originally the name for this philosophy was called Zenonism, but because Zeno and his people would talk under a painted porch called a Stoa Poikile people started referring to the Zeonoism as Stoicism.

The Stoics believe that “virtue is the sole good” for humans, and that external things like health, prosperity, and pleasure are neither good nor bad in and of themselves but have worth as material for virtue to operate on.
Stoicism encourages the cultivation of self-control and fortitude as a means of conquering negative emotions; it is based on the belief that becoming a clear and unbiased thinker permits one to comprehend the universal reason (logos). The basic goal of Stoicism is to improve one’s ethical and moral well-being: Virtue consists in a will that is in agreement with Nature”

The Three fields of study within Stoic philosophy

  • Physics – modern natural science, metaphysics and theology. How the world works.
  • Logic – modern logic proper, rhetoric, epistemology, and cognitive science.
  • Ethics – the study of how to best live one’s life.

The Three Disciplines

  • Desire – This has to do with acceptance of our fate.
  • Action – This has to do with philanthropy or love of mankind.
  • Assent – This has to do with mindfulness of our judgments.

The Four Virtues

  • Wisdom – Wisdom is subdivided into good sense, good calculation, quick-wittedness, discretion, and resourcefulness. Wisdom is connected to Assent and Logic.
  • Justice – Justice is subdivided into piety, honesty, equity, and fair dealing. Justice is connected to Action and Ethics.
  • Courage – Courage is subdivided into endurance, confidence, high-mindedness, cheerfulness, and industriousness. Courage is connected to Desire and Physics.
  • Temperance – Temperance is subdivided into good discipline, seemliness, modesty, and self-control. Temperance is connected to Desire and Physics.

All this leads to what a Stoic would call eudaimonia”, the good life, by following the above, one can work at a harmonious life in accordance with nature.

Below is a list of inspirational words from the Great Stoics.

Obviously, Stoicism was not in Gaul, but I do believe that what the Druides thought would have fit nicely within Stoicism. As stoicism can fit nicely into a Gaulish worldview.


Epictetus was born 50AD and died in 135AD. He was born into slavery and lived in Rome until he was banished, He spent the rest of his life in Greece. His teachings are recorded inContinue reading “Epictetus”